INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
||Introduction to ICZM | The Coastal Zone | What is Coastal Zone Management | The International Context |
|INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
This resource is governed by a number of different agencies and organisations who all have a vested interest in the resources available in the coastal zone. However, the management of the coastal zone is characterised by:
Man's activities affect the coastal ecosystem. Agriculture, industry and coastal settlements pollute the coast. Sand mining activities and mangrove conservations disrupt the coastal dynamics and contribute to erosion. Coastal zones require special attention from planners, environmental managers and decision-makers. Hence, ICZM has evolved in many coastal states world-wide. The principle of ICZM is to manage and conserve the natural resources of the coast, as well as to seek to integrate the social and economic concerns of the various stakeholders in the coastal areas.
Sustainable management of our physical environment is tin the best interest of the immediate coastal community, the wider community, and the world environment as a whole.
|THE COASTAL ZONE
At an ICZM Project meeting in Kuching on the 27th of April 1998, the State Steering Committee agreed that the criteria for the Coastal Zone should be:
The coastline of Sarawak includes open mangrove, estuarine mangrove, open littoral, sheltered littoral, cresentric bays, pocket beaches, fringing coral, rock protected developed areas and unprotected developed areas. The coastline is subject to constant change as a result of the forces of erosion and accretion.
Importance of the zone
The coastal ecosystem is dynamic and changes when exposed to alterations in the social and economic activities performed there.
The coastal zone of Sarawak is the home of more than 82% of the inhabitants who directly and indirectly depend on the environment for resources.
Principal Coastal Elements of the Coastal Zone of Sarawak:
|WHAT IS COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
Integrated Coastal Zone Management is a system to manage the resources of the coastal zone through the collaborative participation of all affected economic sectors, government agencies and non-governmental organisations. It is based on the physical, socio-economic and political connections that make up the coastal zone.
ICZM can be seen as a continuous and dynamic process. It unites all stakeholders in developing and implementing an integrated plan with a co-ordinated strategy for allocation of environmental, socio-cultural and institutional resources. The aim is to achieve conservation and sustainable multiple use of the coastal zone.Back to Top
|THE INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT
Malaysia is a signatory of the Rio de Janeiro policy statement and as such has vowed to uphold certain principles of environmental management.
Policy Principles of the Rio de Janeiro Conference include:
The coastal environments of most ASEAN member states are subject to increasing pressures due to human and commercial development. Consequently, more and more nations acknowledge the need for Coastal Zone Management as the means to sustain and conserve the coastal environment for the future. Some ASEAN countries, e.g. Brunei, Singapore and the Philippines have already incorporated the principles of ICZM into their environmental strategies, and others such as Indonesia, Thailand and Cambodia are at difference stages of implementation.
In Malaysia, ICZM projects have been undertaken in Sarawak, Penang and Sabah.
At the national level a Coastal Zone Management Policy is currently being drafted. The ICZM Policy will be accompanied by a number of regulating mechanisms to ensure policy enforcement and implementation.
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